The impression of treatment versus chastisement has fumed within the American penal community since its commencement. The last decade, predominantly in the years following the so-called “republican revolution” of 1994, has perceived the perception of castigation and revenge all but quench the notion of therapy from convicts in the United States. Incongruously, the last decade has also seen the furthermost amplify in the prisoner population in American history.
Officials from Departments of Corrections around the country concede that the prominence has been placed on exhausting prisoners for the crimes they committed adjacent to civilization as a substitute of rehabilitating them so they can one day respond society. An irony of this advancement is that it is not the Department of Corrections that sustained the inclusive amputation of treatment programs from the prisons. Skilled prison officials compromise that analysis is probable within penitentiaries.
The thrust for castigation over remedy was by politicians catering to a public that was aggravated with increasing offense rates and uttered misdemeanor as their prior distress. Politicians, unresponsive in addressing the communal dilemmas that bred and donated to illegal bustle, decided to practice a straightforward itinerary that would generate the notion that they were doing something tangible adjacent to mounting crime rates. The consequence is that all across the country, within the past decade, state legislatures passed ruthless sentencing laws that increased the castigation for assured crimes.
The outcome of this unsympathetic sentencing strategy was more people being incarcerated in an already stuffed prison system. Prisons, already swarming with prisoners from the “War on Drugs” in the ’80s became even more filled to capacity in the ’90s. This hastily mounting prison populace resulted in states being enforced to assemble frequent prisons to contain the escalating prison residents.
In Pennsylvania, the amount of state prisons stretched from 12 in 1991 to 29 in 2003. In order to preserve this immense extension, the Department of Corrections had to allocate a noteworthy segment of its resources not to treatment, but to sanctuary priorities and the preservation of prisons.
As the established public and political climate emphasizes castigation over treatment, it is no longer a query of does treatment work, it is does therapy have a major role in American prisons. Rehabilitation has been demonstrated to be the most effectual tool in preventing prisoners from recurring to crime and, while not 100 percent, it has verified more flourishing than other events.
Rehabilitation works, it is just protracted and expensive, two factors which work adjacent to it in a society conquered by politicians who fancy instantaneous consequences to triumph over and a community that is familiar to 15 minute elucidations.
Rehabilitation can work, specified the possibility convicts change themselves. Unfortunately, in today’s prison system, rehabilitation doesn’t survive and prisons subsist only to provide the outcome.